SGL Carbon has been a partner of the photovoltaics industry since its humble beginnings in the 1990s. We provide you with all graphite materials needed to grow either mono- or multi crystalline solar wafers and have decades of experience in materials based process improvements.
If you want to improve yield, quality or energy consumption in your process, you have come to the right place. Contact one of our experts using the form below so that we can start collaborating with you today.
The best conversion efficiencies of sun-light into electricity of commercial solar cells can be obtained by mono crystalline based silicon solar cells. The silicon wafers are cut out of silicon ingots grown by the Czochralski method. The crystal growing furnaces used for this process operate at high temperatures of around 1500°C and are equipped with an isostatic graphite hot zone consisting of a heater, outer tubes and rings, quartz crucible susceptor and other graphite items depending on the particular design. The graphite hotzone has to be thermally insulated by either graphite soft- or rigid felt. SGL Carbon offers all of the materials needed and has decades of experience in finding suitable solutions.
Multi-crystalline silicon is produced by the directional solidification (DS) method. In the past it has been the main material for solar cells due to lower manufacturing costs than Mono crystalline silicon growth. However, solar cells made from Multi-Si have disadvantages in photoelectric conversion efficiency, mainly because of structural defects known as grain boundaries and higher impurity levels than CZ mono silicon. The DS silicon growth process is carried out in rectangular quartz crucibles that are supported on the bottom and the side walls by graphite plates. All DS furnaces use side heaters and often top and/or bottom heaters made out of graphite. Additionally, most companies use a top cover plate that is commonly made out of carbon-fiber reinforced carbon (CFRC). The furnace insulation is typically based on graphite rigid felt.
Benefit from the high purity of our graphites - developed especially for challenging processes like mono and multi silicon crystal growing.